HTML form processing servlet


We next look at a servlet that processes HTML form data. Exaample 1 and Example 2 show the HTMLFormHandler servlet.

Example 1
package itso.servjsp.servletapi;
import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
public class HTMLFormHandler extends HttpServlet {
public void init (ServletConfig srvCfg) throws ServletException {
super.init(srvCfg);
}
Example 2
public void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse res)
throws ServletException, IOException {
res.setContentType("text/html"); //must be before first ref to PrintWriter
PrintWriter out = res.getWriter();
out.println("<HTML><TITLE>HTMLFormHandler</TITLE></BODY>");
out.println("<H2>Servlet API Example - HTMLFormHandler</H2><HR>");
//Retrieving the single-value parameters
out.println("Hi <B>" + req.getParameter("firstname") + ",</B><P>");
out.println("I see you are a <B>" + req.getParameter("title") + ",</B><P>");
out.println("And have worked with the following tools: <BR>");
//Retrieving the multi-value parameters
String vals[] = (String []) req.getParameterValues("tools");
if (vals != null) {
for(int i = 0; i<vals.length; i++)
out.println("<B>" + vals[i] + "</B><BR>");
}
else out.print;n("<B> None </B><BR>");
out.println("<HR>");
getReqInfo(req, out); //gets the standard request information
out.println("</BODY></HTML>");
out.close();
}
public void getReqInfo(HttpServletRequest req, PrintWriter out)
throws ServletException, IOException {
out.println("<H4><B>Additional Request Information:</B></H4>");
out.println("<B>Request method:</B> " + req.getMethod() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Request URI:</B> " + req.getRequestURI() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Request protocol:</B> " + req.getProtocol() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Request scheme:</B> " + req.getScheme() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Servlet path:</B> " + req.getServletPath() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Servlet name:</B> " + req.getServerName() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Servlet port:</B> " + req.getServerPort() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Path info:</B> " + req.getPathInfo() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Path translated:</B> " + req.getPathTranslated() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Character encoding:</B> "+req.getCharacterEncoding()+ "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Query string:</B> " + req.getQueryString() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Content length:</B> " + req.getContentLength() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Content type:</B> " + req.getContentType() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Remote user:</B> " + req.getRemoteUser() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Remote address:</B> " + req.getRemoteAddr() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Remote host:</B> " + req.getRemoteHost() + "<BR>");
out.println("<B>Authorization scheme:</B> " + req.getAuthType() + "<BR>");
}
} //end of class
Request object handling

So far, all of our servlet examples have only used the response object, but not the request object. This example shows how to process the data in the request. We assume that this servlet is always called using a POST request, and have therefore chosen to implement the doPost request handling method.

doPost method

Incidentally, this servlet has been designed to handle the particular type of request from the HTML page that was generated in the previous servlet example. In that HTML page, the user could fill out information in the form and submit it. The action in the HTML form causes the HTMLFormHandler
servlet to be invoked, and the doPost request handler method to be called:
<FORM METHOD="POST"
ACTION="itso.servjsp.servletapi.HTMLFormHandler">
In the doPost method, we handle the HttpServletResponse in the same way as before, except that this time, we are also handling the HttpServletRequest.

Getting form values

We use the getParameter method of the request to extract the values of the request parameters (name/value fields passed in from the HTML page). We extract parameters named firstname and title from the request:
req.getParameter("firstname")
req.getParameter("title")
These are two of the input fields that were passed from the HTML form. The getParameter method requires as an argument the name of the parameter that we want to extract (so it must be known), and returns the value of that parameter, or null. To get a list of the all parameter names, we could use the getParameterNames method. This method returns an enumeration of all the parameter names in the request, which we could then iterate through to get the individual parameter values.

To extract the value of the tools parameter, however, we must apply a slightly different technique. The tools’ parameter is a multi-value input field (in this case, a checkbox). Because there could be more than one value to extract, we use the getParameterValues method, which returns an array of values.
Share this article :
 
Copyright © 2012. Best Online Tutorials | Source codes | Programming Languages - All Rights Reserved