If...Else Statements in PHP

Very often when you write code, you want to perform different actions for different decisions.
You can use conditional statements in your code to do this.
  • if...else statement - use this statement if you want to execute a set of code when a condition is true and another if the condition is not true
  • elseif statement - is used with the if...else statement to execute a set of code if one of several condition are true

The If...Else Statement

If you want to execute some code if a condition is true and another code if a condition is false, use the if....else statement.

Syntax

if (condition)
  code to be executed if condition is true;
else
  code to be executed if condition is false;

Example

The following example will output "Have a nice weekend!" if the current day is Friday, otherwise it will output "Have a nice day!":

<html>
<body>
<?php
$d=date("D");
if ($d=="Fri")
  echo "Have a nice weekend!"; 
else
  echo "Have a nice day!"; 
?>
</body>
</html>

If more than one line should be executed if a condition is true/false, the lines should be enclosed within curly braces:

<html>
<body>
<?php
$d=date("D");
if ($d=="Fri")
  {
  echo "Hello!<br />"; 
  echo "Have a nice weekend!";
  echo "See you on Monday!";
  }
?>
</body>
</html>

The ElseIf Statement

If you want to execute some code if one of several conditions are true use the elseif statement

Syntax

if (condition)
  code to be executed if condition is true;
elseif (condition)
  code to be executed if condition is true;
else
  code to be executed if condition is false;

Example

The following example will output "Have a nice weekend!" if the current day is Friday, and "Have a nice Sunday!" if the current day is Sunday. Otherwise it will output "Have a nice day!":

<html>
<body>
<?php
$d=date("D");
if ($d=="Fri")
  echo "Have a nice weekend!"; 
elseif ($d=="Sun")
  echo "Have a nice Sunday!"; 
else
  echo "Have a nice day!"; 
?>
</body>
</html>
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