# SQL Functions- Complete list

SQL has many built-in functions for performing calculations on data.

## SQL Aggregate Functions

SQL aggregate functions return a single value, calculated from values in a column.Useful aggregate functions:

- AVG() - Returns the average value
- COUNT() - Returns the number of rows
- FIRST() - Returns the first value
- LAST() - Returns the last value
- MAX() - Returns the largest value
- MIN() - Returns the smallest value
- SUM() - Returns the sum

## SQL Scalar functions

SQL scalar functions return a single value, based on the input value.Useful scalar functions:

- UCASE() - Converts a field to upper case
- LCASE() - Converts a field to lower case
- MID() - Extract characters from a text field
- LEN() - Returns the length of a text field
- ROUND() - Rounds a numeric field to the number of decimals specified
- NOW() - Returns the current system date and time
- FORMAT() - Formats how a field is to be displayed

**Tip:**The aggregate functions and the scalar functions will be explained in details in the next chapters.

SQL Functions- Complete list
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